Wire rod is rolled steel primarily of a circular cross section with a diameter of 4-16 mm in coils or bundles. Such products are made of steel, aluminium, copper and non-ferrous alloys. Steel wire rod is used as feedstock for the drawing of wire intended for different applications, as well as in the manufacture of screws, bolts, nails, mesh and reinforcing elements of reinforced concrete products.

Large opportunities for wire rod composition and properties control due to highly automated rolling mill with a two-stage cooling system
Possibility of using different types of heat treatment (normalizing, normalizing and tempering, quenching and tempering, annealing, etc.)

Application

Manufacture of welding wire and electrodes
Manufacture of ropes and cables
Manufacture of reinforcement strands and fibre

Catalogue

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Steel wire rod production

Wire rod is mainly produced at continuous wire rod hot-rolling mills. Squares with a cross section from 100×100 mm to 200×200 mm and a length of 6-12 m (concast squares produced at continuous casting machines, as well as hot-rolled squares produced at blooming mills or heavy section mills) are used as feedstock.

Prior to rolling, steel billets are subject to heating in reheating furnaces with walking hearth, walking beams or the combined reheating systems under conditions that help to achieve minimum scaling and decarburisation of metal. At the exit of the reheating furnace, billets are subject to hydraulic descaling to remove scale from their surface.

A wire rod mill is usually a single-strand or two-strand facility consisting of a roughing train, intermediate continuous train, finishing train and cooling lines, as well as bundling, handling and finishing end. The number of mill stands in operation depends on the cross section of the billet and the final size.

The finished product section is achieved by subsequent reduction of the billet as it passes the stands complete with rolls of different gauges. The wire rod structure and properties after hot working are achieved in line at the two-stage controlled cooling units. Steel wire rod is water cooled in the first stage and air cooled in the second stage. The wire rod cooling parameters can change within a wide range depending on application, steel grades, dimensions, etc.

The rolled and cooled wire rod is then fed to a laying head (pipe) for coiling or bundling. Wire rod coils are grabbed by the chain conveyor hook and conveyed to the inspection area, where they are inspected, defected ends are removed and test samples are taken. The finished wire rod coil is repressed and bound by wire rod or strapping bands.

Steel wire rod classification and properties

Steel wire rod is produced in accordance with the requirements set forth in international standards, national standards, industry-specific standards, original manufacturer's standards and regulations, and customer specifications. Steel used for wire rod production is classified in low-carbon, medium-carbon and high-carbon grades when it comes to carbon content and in non-alloy, low-alloy and alloy steel grades when it comes to the quantity of alloys. Standards define the chemical composition and properties for specific applications such as wire drawing, cold working, welded wire manufacturing, etc.

The key standards defining specifications for steel wire rod include: the European standard EN 16120 (in four parts); US standard ASTM A510/A510M; Ukrainian standards DSTU 2770, DSTU 2651, DSTU 4738, DSTU 3684, TU U 27.1-00190319-1280 and TU U 27.1-00190319-1314; and the CIS standards GOST 30136, GOST 380, GOST 2590, GOST 1050 and GOST 14959.

Chemical composition of wire rod used to produce wire in accordance with DIN EN ISO 16120-2:

Steel grade

Weight % of chemical elements

C

Mn

Si

S

P

Cr

Ni

Cu

N

C32D

0,30-0,35

0,50-0,80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,10-0,30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

max 0,030

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

max 0,030

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

max 0,15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

max 0,15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

max 0,25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

max 0,10

C38D

0,35-0,40

0,50-0,80

C42D

0,40-0,45

0,50-0,80

C48D

0,45-0,50

0,50-0,80

C50D

0,48-0,53

0,50-0,80

C52D

0,50-0,55

0,50-0,80

C56D

0,53-0,58

0,50-0,80

C58D

0,55-0,60

0,50-0,80

C60D

0,58-0,63

0,50-0,80

C62D

0,60-0,65

0,50-0,80

C66D

0,63-0,68

0,50-0,80

C68D

0,65-0,70

0,50-0,80

C70D

0,68-0,73

0,50-0,80

C72D

0,70-0,75

0,50-0,80

C76D

0,73-0,78

0,50-0,80

C78D

0,75-0,80

0,50-0,80

C80D

0,78-0,83

0,50-0,80

C82D

0,80-0,85

0,50-0,80

C86D

0,83-0,88

0,50-0,80

C88D

0,85-0,90

0,50-0,80

С92D

0,90-0,95

0,50-0,80

Chemical composition of some carbon steel grades used to produce wire rod for wire drawing as per ASTM A510M:

Steel grade

Weight % of chemical elements

C

Mn

Si

S

P

Cr

Ni

Cu

N

SAE 1006

max 0,08

0,25-0,40

With the agreement of the customer

max 0,05

 

 

 

 

max 0,04

 

 

 

 

max 0,15

 

 

 

 

max 0,15

 

 

 

 

max 0,3

 

 

 

 

max 0,10

 

 

 

 

SAE 1008

max 0,10

0,30-0,50

SAE 1010

0,08-0,13

0,30-0,60

SAE 1012

0,10-0,15

0,30-0,60

SAE 1013

0,11-0,16

0,50-0,80

SAE 1015

0,13-0,18

0,30-0,60

SAE 1016

0,13-0,18

0,60-0,90

SAE 1017

0,15-0,20

0,30-0,60

SAE 1018

0,15-0,20

0,60-0,90

SAE 1019

0,15-0,20

0,70-0,10

SAE 1020

0,18-0,23

0,30-0,60

SAE 1021

0,18-0,23

0,60-0,90

SAE 1022

0,18-0,23

0,70-1,0

SAE 1023

0,20-0,25

0,30-0,60

Chemical composition and mechanical properties of wire rod intended for wire drawing in accordance with DSTU 2770 / GOST 30136:

Steel grade

Weight % of chemical elements

Max ultimate tensile strength, Н/мм²(кгс/мм²), max

Min RoA, %, min

C

Mn

Si

S

P

Cr

Ni

Cu

N

Ст0М

max 0,12

-

-

max 0,05

max  0,04

max 0,03

max 0,03

max 0,03

max 0,10

470 (48)

66

Ст1кп

0,06-0,12

0,25-0,50

max 0,05

470 (48)

66

Ст1пс

0,06-0,12

0,25-0,50

0,05-0,15

470 (48)

66

Ст1сп

0,06-0,12

0,25-0,50

0,15-0,30

470 (48)

66

Ст2кп

0,09-0,15

0,25-0,50

max 0,05

470 (48)

60

Ст2пс

0,09-0,15

0,25-0,50

0,05-0,15

470 (48)

60

Ст2сп

0,09-0,15

0,25-0,50

0,15-0,30

470 (48)

60

Ст3кп

0,14-0,22

0,25-0,50

max 0,05

540 (55)

60

Ст3пс

0,14-0,22

0,25-0,50

0,05-0,15

540 (55)

60

Ст3сп

0,14-0,22

0,25-0,50

0,15-0,30

540 (55)

60

Chemical composition and mechanical properties of some types of wire rod intended for welded wire manufacturing in accordance with the TU U 27.1-00190319-1280 specification:

Steel grade

Weight % of chemical elements

Max ultimate tensile strength, Н/мм²(кгс/мм²), max

Min RoA, %, min

C

Mn

Si

S

P

Cr

Ni

Cu

Al

N

Св-08

max 0,10

0,35-0,60

max 0,03

max 0,040

max 0,040

max 0,15

max 0,30

max 0,25

max 0,01

-

430 (44)

60

Св-08А

max 0,10

0,35-0,60

max 0,03

max 0,030

max 0,030

max 0,12

max 0,25

max 0,25

max 0,01

max 0,010

430 (44)

60

Св-08ГС

max 0,10

1,40-1,70

0,60-0,85

max 0,025

max 0,030

max 0,20

max 0,25

max 0,25

-

max 0,010

640 (70)

50

Св-08Г2С

0,05-0,10

1,80-2,10

0,70-0,95

max 0,025

max 0,030

max 0,20

max 0,25

max 0,25

-

max 0,010

690 (70)

48

Св-08Г1НМА

max 0,10

1,00-1,50

0,20-0,45

max 0,010

max 0,015

max 0,25

0,50-0,70

max 0,25

-

max 0,008

850 (87)

48


 

Steel wire rod application

Steel wire rod is mainly used to manufacture wire and metalware. Size, chemical composition and properties vary depending on the application of the finished products.

Low-carbon wire rod in coils is used for wire drawing, as well as to manufacture metal mesh and metalware. The key requirements for this product are the absence of any wire drawing breakage and surface defects, as well as uniform geometry and mechanical properties.

High-carbon wire rod is used to manufacture ropes, prestressing strands, springs, etc. Such products shall have a uniform fine pearlite structure (achieved by special cooling after rolling), without surface and internal defects that result in high breakage, as well as minimum inconsistency in chemical composition and mechanical properties.

Welding wire rod is used as feedstock to produce welded wire and electrodes. The key requirements include high ductility (achieved by slow cooling at the rolling mill), consistent quality and minimum content of detrimental impurities. Low-carbon, low-alloy and alloy steel grades are used for such products. Cold-heading quality wire rod is used to produce metalware by cold heading. The rolled steel shall be free of any surface damages and wire rod samples shall withstand an upsetting test of at least 2/3.

Product

 

Application

 

Material used

 

Wire

 

  • Reinforcement
  • Manufacture of welded and facing materials
  • Packing
  • Metalware production
Low-carbon, medium-carbon, high-carbon, low alloy

 

Cold-worked reinforcement

 

  • Reinforcement of reinforced concrete products
Low-carbon and high-carbon

 

Mesh

 

  • Guardings
  • Reinforcement
  • Screening, classification, filtering
Low-carbon, medium-carbon and alloy steel

 

Electrodes

 

  • Welding
  • Facing
Low-carbon and alloy steel

 

Fibre

 

  • Reinforcement of concrete products
Low-carbon, medium-carbon and high-carbon steel

 

Nails

 

  • Construction
  • Woodworking and furniture production
Low-carbon

 

Ropes

 

  • Lifting machinery and equipment
  • Oil and gas production
  • Road and bridge structures
  • Reinforcement of reinforced concrete
  • Road construction and aircraft construction
Wire rod made of medium-carbon, high-carbon and stainless steel

 

Fastening (bolts, nuts, screws, self-tapping screws, etc)

 

  • Machine building
  • Construction
  • Furniture production and woodworking
Low-carbon, medium-carbon, high-carbon and alloy steel

 

Tyre cord

 

  • Reinforcement of tyres
  • Reinforcement of rubber goods
High-carbon

 

 

Buying steel wire rod

Metinvest offers a wide size range of wire rod from carbon, low-alloy and alloy steel grades for construction and machine building. Wire rod can be purchased through the Group’s global sales network of 38 sales offices in Europe, Asia, Africa and North America, as well as 16 metal service centres in Ukraine and authorised dealers.

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