Steel sheet comprises flat-rolled steel produced via plastic deformation in a hot or cold-rolling mill and by cutting hot and cold-rolled and galvanised coils into set lengths. Steel sheet is categorised into hot or cold-rolled depending on its production method, and into uncoated, galvanised and coated sheet depending on its coating. The main consumers of steel sheet are the construction and machine-building sectors

Types of steel sheet and their uses

Hot-rolled steel sheet is used to manufacture structures for use in construction and machine-building; bodies, component housing  and working parts on cars and assemblies; shipbuilding components; facade detailing ; doors and doorways; consumer goods; and other products.

 

Sector consuming hot-rolled steel sheet

Key product requirements
Standards
Delivery conditions

Construction

Minimum size and weldability tolerances, high strength and ductility, crack resistance
EN 10025, DSTU EN 10025, DSTU 2834, GOST 16523, GOST 14637, GOST 1577, DSTU 7808, GOST 4041, GOST 17066, DSTU 8541, GOST 19281, GOST 8568, ASTM A36/A36M
Hot-rolled, after normalisation-rolling or normalisation, after thermomechanical rolling 

Machine-building

High formability, weldability, ability to be coated, uniformity  of chemical composition and mechanical properties across the metal section, high surface quality
EN 10028, EN 10149-2, EN 10111, EN 10083, EN 10025, ASTM A1011, BS EN ISO 683-2, DIN 17100, DSTU 8541, GOST 19281, API 5L
Hot-rolled, after normalisation-rolling or normalisation, after thermomechanical rolling (including with etching or with etching and oiling)

Metal service centres

Uniformity of lengths, chemical composition and mechanical properties, surface quality, suitability for laser cutting and applying decorative coatings
EN 10025, EN 10149-2, EN 10111, EN 10083, BS EN ISO 683-2 etc.
Hot-rolled, after normalisation-rolling or normalisation, after thermomechanical rolling (including with etching or with etching and oiling)

 

Cold-rolled steel sheet is used to manufacture structures for use in construction, bent open and closed profile detailing , door systems, machinery housing, automotive and engineering parts and components, utensils and packaging.

 

Sector consuming cold-rolled steel sheet

Key product requirements
Standards
Delivery conditions

Construction

Minimum size and weldability tolerances, high strength and ductility, crack resistance
EN 10130, EN 10268
Hard-drawn, annealed

Machine-building

Uniformity of sizes, limits on chemical content and scope of mechanical properties, suitability for applying protective and decorative coatings, formability, limited thickness of the oiling layer for corrosion protection
EN 10130, EN 10268, SAE J403 and equivalents
Annealed, hardened, following multi-stage heat treatment

Metal service centres/general use

Minimal variation in thickness, bendability, suitability for profiling, stamping, laser-cutting, and applying protective and decorative coatings
EN 10130, EN 10268 and equivalents
Annealed

 

Sheet metal is obtained by cutting rolled sheet product with a protective zinc coating. Galvanised steel is used in construction and machine-building.

 

Sector consuming galvanised product

Key product requirements
Standards
Passivation and surface-treatment methods

Construction

Minimal variation in thickness, negative thickness tolerances, zinc-coating range from Z80 to Z450; spangle pattern – normal shine (N), minimised shine (М) and absence of any spangle pattern (zero spangle)
EN 10346, DSTU EN 10346, ASTM A653, GOST Р 52246
Chemical passivation С, oil treated (О), passivised and oil treated (СО), post- parkerisation (Р), parkerised and oil treated (РО), post-application of insulating covering, etc

Machine-building (including automotive)

Narrow geometric size tolerances, high-tensile and high-ductility steel brands (including heat strengthened), suitability for application of painted coatings and absence of any spangle pattern (zero spangle)
EN 10346, DSTU EN 10346, ASTM A653, GOST Р 52246, special consumer requirements

General industrial use

Uniformity of sizes and properties across the metal section, formability and suitability for deep drawing, various spangle patterns according to customer requirements
EN 10346, DSTU EN 10346, ASTM A653, GOST Р 52246

 

Polymer-coated sheet steel comprises steel sheet (uncoated or galvanised) with a decorative varnish coat.
Tinted steel sheets are used in construction, machine-building, and consumer goods production.

 

Sector

Application
Products

Construction

Outdoor
Metal shingles, corrugated board, sandwich-panels, detailing, etc.
Indoor
Metal ceilings, skirting boards, decorative panels in heated and unheated premises, lifts, shutters, shelving, doors

Machine-building

Automobile
External coachwork elements, filters, dashboards, and other parts for freight and passenger vehicles 
Instrument manufacturing
Component housing, device and assembly parts

Consumer-goods production

Domestic goods
Metal furniture, lighting equipment, shelving, radiators, frames

 

Buying steel sheet product from the manufacturer

 

Metinvest produces a wide range of hot and cold-rolled and galvanised sheet metal for construction, machine-building and other industrial applications. Sheet steel can be purchased via its global distribution network, which comprises 38 offices across Europe, Asia, Africa, and America, as well as 16 service centres in Ukraine, and from authorised dealers. 

Get in touch

Find the nearest office

Subscribe to our newsletter