April 08, 2015

Metinvest announces financial results for 2014

Metinvest B.V., the parent company of a vertically integrated group of steel and mining companies (jointly referred to as “Metinvest” or “the Group”), today announced its audited IFRS consolidated financial statements for the 12 months ended 31 December 2014.

Financial results summary 2014 2013 Change, y-o-y
US$m %
Income statement highlights
  Revenues 10,565 12,807 -2,242 -18%
   Adjusted EBITDA 2,702 2,361 341 14%
   Margin 26% 18% 8 pp
   Net profit 159 392 -233 -59%
   Margin 2% 3% -1 pp
Cash flow highlights
   Net cash from operations 1,489 1,465 1,465 2%
   Net cash used in investing activities -559  263  -822  -313%
   incl. CAPEX -549 -763 214 -28%
   Net cash used in financing activities -1,542 -1,476 -66 4%
   incl. dividends -388 -544 156 -29%

Financial results summary 31/12/2014 31/12/2013 Change, y-o-y
US$m %
Total debt 3,232 4,308 -1,076 -25%
Cash at period-end 114 783 -669 -85%
Key ratios

Total debt/EBITDA 1.2 1.8 -0.6x
Net DEBT/EBITDA 1.2 1.5 -0.3x
Interest cover 11.4 9.8 1.6x
Gearing (Indebtedness / TNW) 0.5 0.4 0.1x

1) Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as profit before income tax before finance income and costs, depreciation and amortisation, impairment and devaluation of property, plant and equipment, sponsorship and other charity payments, share of results of associates and other expenses that the management considers non-core plus share in EBITDA of joint ventures. Adjusted EBITDA will be referred to as EBITDA throughout this release.
2) Net debt is calculated as the sum of long-term and short-term loans and borrowings and seller notes less cash and cash equivalents.
3) Due to rounding, numbers presented throughout this release may not add up precisely to the totals provided and percentages may not precisely reflect absolute figures.

Production results summary 2014 2013 Change, y-o-y
'000 t %
Crude steel 9,205 12,391 -3,186 -26%
 Azovstal 3,599 4,468 -869 -19%
 Ilyich Steel 3,544 5,035 -1,491 -30%
 Yenakiieve Steel 2,062 2,888 -826 -29%
Iron ore concentrate 34,888 36,926 -2,038 -6%
 Northern GOK 13,420 15,000 -1,580 -11%
 Ingulets GOK 15,056 15,344 -288 -2%
 Central GOK 6,412 6,582 -170 -3%
Coking coal concentrate 4,098 5,513 -1,415 -26%
Krasnodon Coal 1,522 2,788 -1,266 -45%
United Coal 2,576 2,725 -149 -5%


  • The Group began rebuilding blast furnace no. 4 at Azovstal. When completed, the modernised furnace will ultimately produce an additional 1.5 million tonnes of hot metal a year, while cutting dust emissions by 340 tonnes annually.
  • Yenakiieve Steel completed the overhaul of basic oxygen furnace no. 1, improving efficiency and reliability while reducing environmental impact.
  • Yenakiieve Steel also completed a standby turbine air blower at the plant in August 2014.
  • Metinvest-SMC opened new retail warehouses for steel products in Kharkiv, Kyiv Region and Mykolaiv.
  • The Group opened a new sales office in Romania.
  • Metinvest launched its 2014 “We Improve the City” social investment competition in nine cities in the Donetsk, Dnipropetrovsk and Luhansk regions. The annual competition allows local stakeholders to select and obtain funding for projects that promise to make the greatest difference to the lives of local residents.
  • In the second half of 2014, the Group was affected by the conflict in parts of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, as well as instances directly affecting Mariupol, where the Group’s main steel plants are located. In particular, the Group has experienced periodic interruptions in its production and supply chains, mainly due to logistical and electricity-related issues in the regions. This resulted in temporary suspensions or reduced volumes of production, beginning in the second half of August, worsening later in the year and continuing to the present.


  •  In February, MetalUkr Holding Limited (Cyprus), a wholly owned subsidiary of Metinvest B.V., transferred 78.31% of Northern GOK, 99.48% of Central GOK, 0.25% of Azovstal and 1.21% of Khartsyzk Pipe to Metinvest B.V. to help the Group to reach its intended structure and improve business transparency and management efficiency.
  • In July, the Group entered into numerous transactions with Smart Holding to acquire an effective interest of 46% in Southern GOK and non-controlling interests of 16.1% in Northern GOK and 14.1% in Ingulets GOK.
  • In July, SCM and Smart Holding announced the completion of the merger of their metals and mining assets into the jointly managed Metinvest B.V. The two parties signed a shareholder agreement outlining the relevant and proportional corporate governance rights of each in Metinvest B.V. In addition, to conclude the transaction, Metinvest B.V. issued an additional share in favour of Smart Holding. As a result, SCM’s stake in Metinvest B.V. will be 71.24%, Smart Holding will own 23.76%, and Clarendale Limited (affiliated with the former owners of Ilyich Steel) will retain 5%.
  • During April-July, the Group invested in total US$20 million and increased its share in Black Iron (Cyprus) Limited to 49%. Black Iron (Cyprus) Limited and Metinvest retain an option to participate in developing the Shymanivske iron ore project and Zelenivske iron ore project, representing a potential future investment of up to US$536 million for the Group.


 On 28 November, the Group completed a debt exchange offer for outstanding 2015 guaranteed notes. The issuer accepted in full all existing notes offered in valid form pursuant to the exchange offer, amounting to a nominal value of US$386,349,000. Following the settlement date, existing notes with a total nominal value of US$113,651,000 remained outstanding.



  • In January 2015, the Group renegotiated to shift repayment of the remaining US$90 million of seller notes outstanding from 2015 to 2016.
  • In February 2015, Ilyich Steel launched the production of new cold-rolled hardened coil to meet additional client demand.
  • In February, the Group obtained a waiver from the PXF lenders with regards to a one-month deferral of 75% of the February principal instalment.
  • In February, Metinvest-SMC opened a new retail warehouse in Dnipropetrovsk and the Group opened a representative sales office in Spain.
  • In February, the Group launched the re-organisation of its Ukrainian sales channels to create a single sales channel for its buyers.
  • As of March 2015, disruption to the Group’s operations due to the ongoing conflict in Eastern Ukraine continued. The Group suspended production at its Yenakiieve and Makiivka plants in February amid disruptions to raw materials and electricity supplies due to the ongoing conflict in the region. Other plants have seen periodic delays due to damage to railway and power infrastructure and blockage of raw material supplies.
  • In March, the Group tried to obtain another waiver with a partial deferral of the March and April principal instalments. This waiver request has been approved by the vast majority, but not the required 100%, of PXF lenders. As a consequence, a payment default totalling US$113 million occurred and continues to date. In order to reinstate a normal level of liquidity and to improve it further, the Group does not intend to pursue this waiver request, but to target a broader rescheduling solution for its bonds and PXF facilities.
  • In parallel with the release today of its 2014 results, the Group announced that it is currently in a payment default situation and launched three consent solicitations to its 2015, 2017 and 2018 bondholders. The purpose of these consent solicitations (one per tranche) is to request a deferral of a 2015 bond principal repayment due on 20 May 2015 and waive certain existing and future events of default on the 2015, 2017 and 2018 bonds. Discussions with PXF lenders are ongoing, including with a view to negotiating a standstill and waiver agreement, paving the way for a broader rescheduling of the Group’s debts. 

Yuriy Ryzhenkov, Chief Executive Officer of Metinvest, commenting on the results, said: “In 2014, our business continued to face major challenges due to the political and economic situation in Ukraine – particularly in the eastern regions, where some of our assets are located – and to global price pressure for our products.

The domestic political and economic situation, which began to deteriorate in late 2013, worsened significantly throughout 2014. Ukraine is experiencing substantial ongoing turbulence, while the national currency is declining sharply against major foreign currencies and international rating agencies have downgraded the sovereign debt, also changing their outlooks to negative.

Against this backdrop, the conflict in the eastern regions has led to severe disruption at some of our metallurgical and mining facilities. Over the first half of 2014, the situation was largely stable; over the second half, however, the situation deteriorated markedly. Our operational results reflected this, with crude steel production in the second half of 2014 dropping almost by 40% compared with the first half, for example.

 Various facilities experienced operational disruptions in the second half of 2014. In July, Avdiivka Coke was directly affected by damage to property and its electricity supply. After we restored sufficient power, the plant suffered severe disruption again after damage to its power supply in November, and operations were fully halted after a connecting railway line was damaged in December. Operations were restored after the New Year.

In mid-August, Yenakiieve Steel temporarily halted its main operations due to damage. This was restored in October, but production was interrupted again in December. Renewed disruptions to raw materials and electricity supplies forced us to shut down the plant again in mid-February 2015, after the reporting period. Raw material and power constraints also led us to temporarily halt operations at Makiivka Steel in February 2015.

Following damage to railway infrastructure, operations at Khartsyzk Pipe were also temporarily halted and production at Krasnodon Coal’s mine was scaled back in the second half of 2014.

The Group’s steel assets in Mariupol, Azovstal and Ilyich Steel, have experienced repeated disruptions to production due to damaged infrastructure. In December, work at the plants was disrupted after a railway bridge offering access to the city’s commercial port suffered heavy damage. The Group has provided funds and experts to repair the bridge, which have been recently completed.

Regarding the global markets for our products, prices of steel products remained under pressure throughout 2014, as did those of coal and iron ore.

All of these factors had a significant impact on our production and financial results, hitting both our top and bottom lines. Output of crude steel fell by 26% year-on-year to 9.2 million tonnes, iron ore concentrate by 6% to 34.9 million tonnes, and coking coal concentrate by 26% to 4.1 million tonnes.

 While our revenues dropped by 18% to US$10,565 million, we improved our EBITDA and EBITDA margin, which rose by 14% and 8 percentage points to US$2,702 million and 26%, respectively, year-on-year. Net profit was down 59% due to higher financial costs.

Despite operational challenges, we were able to continue with the capital expenditure plans under our Technological Strategy, investing US$613 million in 2014. While some projects have been delayed, slowed or frozen, we made progress on most of our key endeavours during the year.

 Major CAPEX projects in the Metallurgical division included our ongoing work to build the infrastructure for a new air separation unit at Yenakiieve Steel, as part of a joint venture with France’s Air Liquide, and major overhaul of basic oxygen furnace no. 1 including shell and off-gas ducts replacement, which we finished in July 2014. We also completed a standby turbine air blower for the plant’s blast furnaces in August 2014. At Azovstal, we are continuing a major overhaul of blast furnace no. 4, expected to be ready in the second quarter of 2015.

We halted some projects in the second half of the year, including construction of the PCI facilities at Yenakiieve Steel and Azovstal. The work at Yenakiieve Steel was more than 50% complete at the end of 2014, while the work at Azovstal was halted in January 2015, after the reporting period, in its preliminary stages. In the same month, we also froze a project to rebuild a replacement turbine air blower at Azovstal.

In the Mining division, we made continued progress on installing a crusher and conveyor system at Northern GOK and Ingulets GOK, as well as on rebuilding the pelletising machines at Northern GOK.

Continued implementation of our Technological Strategy is part of our ongoing commitment to our long-term strategy. This reflects our firm belief in the long-term future of the Group and its plants.

In July 2014, our two major shareholders, SCM and Smart Holding, completed the merger of their metallurgical and mining assets into Metinvest B.V., which is jointly managed. Smart Holding obtained three of the 10 seats on our Supervisory Board, streamlining our corporate governance structure.

The Group represents an important part of our country’s future economic recovery. We firmly believe that last year’s performance reflects the resilience and bravery of all of our employees. Their efforts helped us to minimise declines in production under extraordinary circumstances. The turbulence in Ukraine has continued in 2015, so we expect the year to be another challenging one for the Group. We remain committed to keeping our stakeholders informed of developments.”

Commenting on the results, Aleksey Kutepov, Chief Financial Officer of Metinvest, said: “The Group’s financial performance in 2014 is a story of two very different half-years. In the first six months, we delivered a solid set of results. In the second, we faced profound challenges caused by the economic and political situation in Ukraine, as well as pressure on global prices for our products, with the fourth quarter proving particularly difficult.

Our ability to increase underlying profitability over the full year reflects the soundness of our long-term commitment to conservative financial management.

Amid profound challenges to the business in 2014, Metinvest was able to contain a fall in revenues to 18%. Foreign-exchange effects played a key role in the 14% increase in EBITDA. However, strong underlying growth in the first half of the year was undermined by deterioration in the operating environment in the second. Profitability collapsed in the third and fourth quarter.

The Metallurgical division’s EBITDA increased almost three times year-on-year, while the Mining division’s fell, although the figure remained decent. In terms of geography of sales, we managed to redirect shipments of iron ore products from our domestic market to China in both percentage and volume terms, while sales of steel products were lower in all regions due to a 26% decline in crude steel production in 2014. We continue to see our global sales network as a vital tool for supporting sales when our domestic economy is in crisis and CIS markets (ex-Ukraine) have seen a series of devaluations.

Owing to market turbulence and the worsening environment for Ukrainian borrowers, Metinvest’s liquidity situation has become tight, especially taking into account the risk of total or partial loss of our outstanding US$350 million trade finance facilities.

Although Metinvest fulfilled its debt obligations, the Group has been unable, like other Ukrainian entities, to obtain funding from the domestic and international capital and loan markets. In this context, we started discussions with our PXF lenders about a standstill and waiver agreement and launched this morning three consent solicitations towards our 2015, 2017 and 2018 bondholders. The purpose of these consent solicitations and discussions with PXF lenders is to request a deferral of a 2015 bond principal repayment due in May and waive certain events of defaults until 31 January 2016, thereby leaving us sufficient time to negotiate, with the help of our financial and legal advisers, a transparent and fair rescheduling of our debt.”


Results of operations 12M14 12M13 Change, YoY

% of


% of

US$m %
Revenue 10,565 100% 12,807 100% -2,242 -18%
   Cost of sales -8,240 -78% -10,406 -81% 2,166 -21%
Gross Profit 2,325 22% 2,401 19% -76 -3%
   Selling expenses -1,063 -10% -1,121 -9% 58 -5%
   General and administrative expences -287 -3% -391 -3% 104 -27%
   Other operating income 130 1% 137 1% -7 -5%
Operating Profit 1,105 10% 1,026 8% 79 8%
   Finance income 25 0% 66 1% -41 -62%
   Finance costs -902 -9% -341 -3% -561 165%
   Share of results of associates and JV 142 1% 14 0% 128 914%
Profit before income tax 370 4% 765 6% -395 -52%
   Income tax -211 -2% -373 -3% 162 -43%
   Net Profit 159 2% 392 3% -233 -59%

Metinvest’s revenues are generated from sales of its steel, iron ore and coal and coke products and re-sales of products from third parties. Unless otherwise stated, revenues are shown net of value-added tax and discounts and after eliminating sales within the Group.

Revenues by markets 2014 2013 Change, y-o-y

% of


% of

US$m %
Total revenues 10,565 100% 12,807 100% -2,242 -18%
  Ukraine 2,496 24% 3,678 29% -1,182 -32%
  Europe 2,496 24% 3,678 29% -1,182 -32%
  MENA 1,872 18% 2,166 17% -294 -14%
  CIS 1,074 10% 1,473 12% -399 -27%
 incl. Russia 721 7% 1,065 8% -344 -32%
Southeast Asia 1,666 16% 1,956 15% -290 -15%
Nort America 405 4% 331 3% 74 23%
Other regions 102 1% 119 1% -17 -14%

In 2014, Metinvest's consolidated revenues fell by US$2,242 million y-o-y to US$10,565 million. Revenues from the Metallurgical division dropped by 16%, while those from the Mining division declined by 22%, mainly due to a slump in crude steel output followed by lower volumes sold and lower prices for iron ore products. The Metallurgical division accounted for 77% of external sales (76% in 2013) and the Mining division for 23% (24% in 2013).

In 2014, Metinvest’s revenues from Ukraine decreased by US$1,182 million y-o-y to US$2,496 million, or 24% of consolidated revenues. The main driver of the decrease in revenues was a drop in sales volumes of steel and iron ore products year-on-year amid lower demand in major steel consuming sectors (construction, machine-building and pipeline infrastructure) amid the conflict in eastern Ukraine and overall economic slowdown.

 Steel production in Ukraine decreased by 17.1% y-o-y to 27.2 million tonnes 1 in 2014, as the domestic steel market remained weak and demand for Ukrainian steel products declined in Russia. In addition, consumption of steel products (excluding pipes) in Ukraine decreased by 22.2% y-o-y to 5.6 million tonnes. The main factor was a decline in construction, which fell by 20.4% y-o-y as Ukrainian businesses reduced capital expenditures amid financial instability and the conflict in the eastern regions. Another contributing factor was the crisis in the machine-building industry, which shrank by 20.6% y-o-y primarily due to a drop in orders from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS, excluding Ukraine). Notably, production of railcars in Ukraine fell by 76.2% y-o-y to 6.0 thousand units, while the pipe and hardware industries reduced production by 19.7% y-o-y and 19.0% y-o-y respectively.

 Regarding iron ore, a couple of Metinvest’s key customers in Ukraine decreased production dramatically during 2014 due to significantly lower domestic sales of iron ore products.

Amid the drop in domestic sales, the share of international sales at Metinvest increased by 5 pp y-o-y to 76% in 2014. Europe’s share rose by 4 pp y-o-y to 28% due to increased sales of flat products and pig iron. The proportion of sales to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) rose by 1 pp y-o-y to 18%. The share of the CIS (ex Ukraine), mainly Russia, fell by 1 pp y-o-y to 10% amid lower volumes of flat and long products, mainly to Russia, which was partly compensated by greater sales of large-diameter pipes (LDP) to Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan. The proportion of sales to Southeast Asia grew by 1 pp y-o-y to 16% due to higher sales volumes of pellets. North America’s share rose by 1 pp y-o-y to 4% due to increased sales of pig iron.

Metallurgical division

The Metallurgical division generates revenues from sales of pig iron, steel and coke products and services. In 2014, its revenues decreased by US$1,562 million y-o-y to US$8,165 million. Sales of long products fell by US$766 million, flat products by US$632 million, slabs and billets by US$292 million, and coke and chemical products by US$131 million. This was partly compensated by increases in sales of pig iron by US$138 million and tubular products by US$156 million, primarily driven by higher volumes.

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Metallurgical division
Sales by market

12M14 12M13 Change, YoY Change, YoY %

% of

'000 t US$m

% of

'000 t US$m '000 t US$m '000 t
Metallurgical division 8,165 100% 14,764 9,727 100% 16,816 -1,562 -2,052 -16% -12%
Ukraine 1,578 19% 3,254 2,330 24% 4,092 -752 -838 -32% -20%
Europe 2,751 34% 4,648 2,761 28% 4,635 -10 13 0% 0%
MENA 1,872 23% 3,476 2,131 22% 3,943 -259 -467 -12% -12%
CIS 1,073 13% 1,628 1,471 15% 2,113 -398 -485 -27% -23%
incl. Russia 721 9% 1,202 1,065 11% 1,714 -344 -512 -32%